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The rock monolith "Pedra Longa"


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ph Luigi Strano
The Pedra Longa, a rock spike 128m in height which stands exactly on the coastline.Pedra Longa is a famous rock monolith, located in Ogliastra province near the town of Baunei. Baunei, set on the slopes of Mount Santo, includes 30 kilometres of matchless coastal beauty. The economy, which is mainly based on farming and agriculture, today is directed towards tourism and the services that go with it that have been developing on the Golgo tableland, in the Baunei Supramonte and in the hamlet of Santa Maria Navarrese, which, positioned in the most southern part of the territory, has become a renowned seaside location. The territory is very rich in prehistoric evidence, like for example the cave of Su Marinaiu where there are traces of the first human presence in Sardinia. The stone of Neolithic age positioned at the bottom of the rock face overlooking the built-up area is particularly important. There is a high concentration of nuragic monuments (such as nuraghes, nuragic villages, sacred areas) in the Golgo valley. The territory of Baunei is also rich in natural attractions such as the Depth of the Golgo, an impressive chasm over 300 m deep; the Pedra Longa point, a limestone spire North of Santa Maria Navarrese 128 m high that drops vertically into the sea. This area of Sardinia is rich in karst caves that are partially accessible with the use of a local guide. In particular Su Meraculu Grotto and the Cave of the Fig, which has been the last refuge for a flock of monk seals, can be easily visited. The Baunei Supramonte, the subject of much Sardinian folklore, rich in holm-oaks, junipers, yews and very thick Mediterranean vegetation, hosts some rare natural species with pressing environmental emergencies. An easy uphill leads up to the Golgo tableland, where many footpaths lead inland or towards the coastal cliffs, with the highest nest building rate of the Royal Falcon in the whole of the Mediterranean. For the seaside lovers the territory of Baunei embraces some of the most beautiful beaches in the whole of Sardinia. Starting South, Santa Maria Navarrese beach is the first one. After passing Capu Monte Santu, with its high drops into the sea, there is Cala Goritze’, a small white sandy stretch overlooked by the 128 m high Punta Caroddi, a.k.a. Aguglia. Proceeding in a northern direction there is Cala Mariolu with really fine sand and smooth pebbles. Then there is the Seagulls Beach, a little further we find Cala Biriala with a reddish rock face. Further North Cala Sisine and the renowned Cala Luna (Cala Elune) are also worth a visit. Pedra Longa - Baunei Giungendo dal mare, in prossimità del porto di Arbatax, si possono ammirare le ultime propaggini del Supramonte di Baunei che incombono sul Tirreno. Quasi a indicare il termine ultimo del suo sviluppo, si erge sul mare, isolato e sporgente rispetto alla costa, il gigantesco monolite di Pedra Longa. Esso è parte integrante del tavolato calcareo di Baunei che copre un vastissimo territorio, lungo una fascia che partendo dalla frazione di Santa Maria Navarrese si esetende a nord fino alla Codula di Luna. Si tratta di imponenti masse calcaree e dolomitiche di potente sviluppo e di antica origine (era mesozoica) che il carsismo, nel tempo, ha modellato conferendo loro forme tra le più insolite e bizzarre, sia in superficie che nel sottosuolo. Giunte in prossimità della costa, interrompono bruscamente il loro sviluppo generando una ciclopica muraglia lunga alcune decine di chilometri. Sono luoghi estremamente selvaggi e privi di qualsiasi insediamento umano, dove i pastori e le greggi, la tormentata vegetazione e l'orgoglio di presenze faunistiche preziose, compongono una realtà difficilmente riscontrabile altrove http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mhRieF7qdtM
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